PO Box 1216, Crestone, CO 81131 informedfinalchoices@gmail.com

Recommended Reading and Viewing

While there are numerous books and videos on the subject of end-of-life issues, IFC volunteers have compiled a list of those they find particularly useful. This list, ordered by topic area, will build over time.

Covid-19 Related Articles

Mourning in Place, by Edwidge Danticat

Naming the Lost Memorials invites your participation in a Labor of MourningSeptember 7th-September 11thA nationwide week of memorial-making to name, remember, and honor
 nearly  200, 000 essential Americans lost to Covid-19…

The Particular Pain of Pandemic Grief: I had never told my father I loved him until he lay dying half a world away, body wrecked with coronavirus.

Feeling Stuck? Five Tips for Managing Life Transitions

Revised COVID Restrictions Affect CEOLP Cremation Ceremonies

We Will Need New Ways to Grieve: After presiding over our church’s memorial service for my friend, I realized I needed my own ritual to mark the loss.

‘We’re Going to See What Else the Word Funeral Can Mean’ – The New York Times

My Grandmother’s Last Days Were in Our Living Room: The small blessing of quarantine is that we were all together.

Boom Time for Death Planning: The coronavirus pandemic has drawn new business to start-ups that provide end-of-life services, from estate planning to a final tweet.

Infection Risk From Dead Bodies with COVID-19

Do Not Resuscitate: We need to be honest with ourselves and our patients. We can’t “do everything” and “save everyone.”
Do You Want to Die in an I.C.U.? Pandemic Makes Question All Too Real – The New York Times

Crestone Covid-19: from the May issue of the Crestone Eagle. Please freely share the information about advance directives, and share the information about CEOLP’s services during this period of social restrictions with anyone for whom it is appropriate. May you stay healthy and well.

Covid or No Covid, It’s Important to Plan – The New York Times

Hospice and End-of-Life Topics

Photographing the Beauty of My Mother’s Decline – The New York Times

‘I was completely unprepared’: Confronting my Sister’s Death Despite my father’s job as a funeral director, and my career studying death and dying, personal loss still floored me.

I’m Going to Die. I May as Well Be Cheerful About It. While death is inevitable, our attitude about it is not.

The State of the Medical Aid-in-Dying Debate: Diane Rehm updates us in her new book, ‘When My Time Comes’

My Father’s Passport: Against the advice of his oncologist, my father was unplugging himself, demanding to be released not only from the hospital but from life as we know it. It felt like a victory.

Diagnosed with dementia, she documented her wishes for the end. Then her retirement home said no.

When Life Throws You Curveballs, embrace the ‘New Normal’: For patients with life-altering illnesses or anyone just getting older, it helps to roll with the punches and make the best of the here and now.

What I learned Photographing Death Documenting, the final moments between critically ill children and their families helped me come to terms with my cancer diagnosis. Read More Here

As Vietnam Veterans Age, Hospices Aim to Meet Their Needs

End-of-life doulas: the professionals who guide the dying

What happens to your online accounts when you die?

The Role of Nurse’s when Patients Decide to their Lives, some hospitals and hospices have policies that forbid nurses to be part of the process or even to discuss end-of-life options.

A palliative care physician struggles with the complex realities of dying at home, and the unintended consequences of making it a societal priority.

Cancer Treatment at End of Life: Too often, people with incurable cancers pursue therapy beyond any hope of benefit — except, perhaps, to the pockets of Big Pharma.

A Guide to Understanding and Coping with Compassion Fatigue: Social workers and mental health professionals, alike, may experience compassion fatigue when working with their clients. Check out our guide to understanding what it is and how to address it.

When Opposites Attract, for Life: Of all the obstacles to initiating hospice care that have been cited, the devotion of wife to husband, or child to parent, is the hardest to quantify.

A New Vision for Dreams of the Dying: A team of clinicians and researchers is trying to understand the importance of deathbed dreams to help the ill and the bereaved.

Preparing for a Good End of Life: The best way to achieve a peaceful death is by planning ahead and enlisting the help of loved ones.

The Positive Death Movement Comes to Life: Death cafes, death doulas, “Ask a Mortician,” DeathLab — once the province of goth subculture, death is having a moment in the sun.

To Live and Die in Paris: People have been dying for millenniums. Why should there be great surprises now?

A Dress Rehearsal for Our Deaths: Yom Kippur asks us to look our mortality in the face. Can we sustain the stare?

In Life’s Last Moments, Open a Window: People often imagine hospices to be dark and dismal places where there is nothing left to experience but dying. But what dominates my work is not proximity to death but the best bits of living. Nowness is everywhere. Nature provides it.

The Mystery of End-of-Life Rallies: Palliative care experts say it is not uncommon for people in hospice care to perk up briefly before they die, sometimes speaking clearly or asking for food.

Write Your Own Obit: Far from seeming narcissistic, undertaking a self-obituary can be a form of summation and of care giving for those who may be in need of direction after we are gone.

The Prisoners who care for the Dying and Get another chance at life: In a California prison hospice, inmates become caregivers to fellow convicts who will never make it out alive.

Die like a dog: Why do we give dogs a better death than we give ourselves: Pet dogs often have a peaceful death that forestalls protracted suffering and pain.
Why can’t we do the same for humans?

Out of Time: The un-becoming of self: A visiting nurse for a palliative care agency explores what it means, on many levels, for humans to move into a realm where memory disappears and the sense of self shifts. A beautifully nuanced and thoughtful article, filled with examples from the author’s daily interactions with people in various stages of dementia.

What to Say When You Meet the Angel of Death at a Party : After years of living with stage IV cancer, this author has some suggestions.

Outing Death: WeCroak is a jaunty little app devised to notify users five times a day, at seemingly random intervals, that try as we may to ignore it, there will be no dodging The End. A piece in the New York Times from Jan. 10 talks about the app, available for just 99 cents, and why you might want to try it.

Most people want to die at home, but many land in hospitals getting unwanted care: Where do you want to die? When asked, the vast majority of Americans answer with two words: “At home.”… Instead, many of us die in hospitals, subject to over medication and infection, often after receiving treatment that we do not want.

The Symptoms of Protracted Dying: In the final days of Geraldine’s life, a doctor asked if the family of another patient in the ICU could visit Geraldine to see what prolonged dying looked like. Geraldine’s family was kind enough to agree. The visiting family chose to transition their loved one to hospice care.

Swedish death cleaning is the new decluttering trend: In Swedish, the word is “dostanding” and it refers to the act of slowly and steadily decluttering as the years go by, ideally beginning in your fifties (or at any point in your life) and going until the day you kick the bucket.

Being Mortal: Atul Gawande examines the interaction of modern medicine and death, with a critique of the life-extending interventions.

One Last Visit to See My Patient: A doctor visits an elderly, terminally ill woman who’s been her patient for more than 20 years and reconfirms the invaluable benefits of hospice care.

Hoyahey, Today is a Good Day: A thoughtful, moving, and conversation-opening blog post by Aliyah Alexander, a Crestone, Colorado resident. Aliyah has lived for a number of years with increasingly limited mobility from a neurological disease. She no longer has use of most of her body and is under hospice care, yet her inner radiance and depth of wisdom have become increasingly clear and strong. She has been an active, thoughtful, and compassionate advocate for end of life choices.

Five Invitations: What Death Can Teach About Living, by Frank Ostaseski: Ostaseski, co-founder of the Zen Hospice Project in San Francisco, reflects on simple but profound insights into living fully, gained through 30 years of being with people on the threshold of death.

At The End Of Her Life, My Mother Started Seeing Ghosts, And It Freaked Me Out: Those who work with the terminally ill, such as social workers and hospice caregivers, call these episodes or visions a manifestation of what is called Nearing Death Awareness.

One Man’s Quest to Change the Way We Die: How B.J. Miller, a doctor and triple amputee, used his own experience to pioneer a new model of palliative care at a small, quirky hospice in San Francisco.

Advanced Directives

Stay in Control of Your Life and Care During a Dementia Diagnosis: Identify your personal values and provide clear care instructions to your loved ones as you deal with a dementia diagnosis.

National POLST is an approach to end-of-life planning that emphasizes eliciting, documenting and honoring patients’ treatment preferences using a portable medical order.

End of Life Choices NY: About the Advance Directive for Receiving Oral Food and Fluids in Dementia

Aggressive Advance Directive Permits Halting Food and Water in Severe Dementia: A New York end-of-life agency has approved a new document that lets people stipulate in advance that they don’t want food or water if they develop severe dementia.

Your Right to Make Healthcare Decisions:  A very useful pamphlet , which includes an overview of patient and family rights, as well as forms for Medical Power of Attorney, CPR Directive and Living Will, can be downloaded at www.ColoradoAdvanceDirectives.com.

A book: A Good Death: An Exploration of Dying in America, by Ann Neuman. Neumann takes an unflinching look at the reality of dying and end-of-life decisions. A valuable discussion of the complex issues involved in end-of-life care.

Disposition Choices / Home Funerals

My Grandmother’s Last Days Were in Our Living Room: The small blessing of quarantine is that we were all together.

Why millennials are the “death positive” generation
Unlike boomers, young people are embracing planning their own funerals. It’s fueling changes in the death industry.

The Environmental Toll of Cremating the Dead: As cremation becomes more common, people around the world are seeking greener end-of-life options.

Choosing Cremation, Rest Me in a Pine Box and Let the Fiddle Play: After helping her father have the homegrown funeral he planned, an environmentalist is designing her own.

Natural Path Sanctuary: The nature preserve encompasses 25 acres of woods and meadows that include a pond and rocky ridges.  The nature preserve has been platted as a natural burial grounds which ensures the natural preservation of the land in perpetuity. Visit www.naturalpathsanctuary.org for information about the natural burial grounds/green cemetery located in the nature preserve.

Tennessee Natural Burial Ground Will Offer a Simpler Farewell: Larkspur Conservation in Sumner County, Tenn., encompasses 112 acres of serene rolling hills protected by a conservation easement through the Nature Conservancy. Larkspur’s founders hope it will offer families a greener — and cheaper — way to lay their loved ones to rest in a beautiful place.

Green Burials: At the End of Life, Thinking Outside the Coffin: They offer lower costs, fewer chemicals and a quicker route to being reborn — in one sense, anyway.

Grave Matters: by Mark Harris. Chronicles the environmental costs of embalming and standard burial practices and details a range of alternative burial and cremation options.

Washington becomes first state to make human composting legal: Isn’t it weird that humanity has advanced so far when it comes to technology, and yet, we have only two options for disposing of human bodies after death? There’s a traditional burial, which requires wood and steel and means leaking dangerous chemicals into the ground, and cremation, which both burns energy and emits carbon in the process. Even though we may not like to think about disposing of the dead, there has to be a better solution—at least, for the sake of the environment.

Woven coffins and not-for-profit funerals: Breathing new life into the death trade: A rejuvenated fire station in Port Kembla, cradled between the industry and the sea, is home to a funeral service with a difference.

The funeral as we know it is becoming a relic — just in time for a death boom: These days, there are more golf-course cocktail send-offs and backyard potluck memorials, more Clapton and less “Ave Maria,” more Hawaiian shirts and fewer dark suits.

Biodegradable burial pod turns your body into a tree: Capsula Mundi is an egg-shaped pod through which a buried corpse or ashes can provide nutrients to a tree planted above it.

From flat-pack coffins to water cremation: How to have an eco-friendly death: The funeral industry is catering for the growing number of people who want to deal with their mortal remains in an environmentally sound way.

Burning Out: What Really Happens Inside a Crematorium: Four decades ago, less than 5 percent of Americans were cremated. Now that figure stands at nearly 50 percent. This is how cremation actually works, and the story of what happens to a culture when its attitudes about memorializing the dead undergo a revolution.

What Do We Do with Our Dead?: Our mortuary conventions reveal a lot about our relation to the past.

An Alternative to Burial and Cremation Gains Popularity: “What do you want done with your body after you die? It is an unnerving but important question, and for most Americans there have long been only two obvious choices: burial or cremation. But a third option, a liquefaction process called by a variety of names — flame-less cremation, green cremation or the “Fire to Water” method — is starting to gain popularity throughout the United States…”

Caring for the Dead: Your Final Act of Love: by Lisa Carlson. This is a comprehensive guide for those making funeral arrangements without engaging a professional funeral director. Disposition Rules and Regulations are provided for every state.

From Here to Eternity: Traveling the World to Find the Good Death: includes an entire chapter on CEOLP.
“The best-selling author of Smoke Gets in Your Eyes expands our sense of what it means to treat the dead with ‘dignity.’ Fascinated by our pervasive fear of dead bodies, mortician Caitlin Doughty set out to discover how other cultures care for the dead. From Here to Eternity is an immersive global journey that introduces compelling, powerful rituals almost entirely unknown in America.”

Smoke Gets In Your Eyes: And Other Tales from the Crematory: by Caitlin Doughty. Honest and heartfelt, self-deprecating and ironic, Caitlin’s engaging style makes this otherwise taboo topic both approachable and engrossing…she argues that our fear of dying warps our culture and society, calling for better ways of dealing with death (and our dead).

Die Wise: A Manifesto for Sanity and Soul: by Stephen Jenkinson. Provides a path toward learning the skills of dying. “Dying well is a right and responsibility of everyone.”

The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying, by Sogyal Rimpoche. Though rooted in Buddhist philosophy, this book offers universally practical and insightful guidance for the preparation and experience of dying.


I Could Face My Own Mortality, but My Son’s Was Another Story After my near-death experience, I lost my fear of death. I didn’t expect to feel so blindsided when my son got leukemia.

What I Learned Photographing Death: Documenting the final moments between critically ill children and their families helped me come to terms with my cancer diagnosis.

There Are No Five Stages of Grief: When my father died, I wanted desperately to know the timing of this thing. But grief doesn’t have a timeline.

How to Speak Grief: Loss is messy, melancholic and often darkly hilarious. It also lingers forever. Here’s a glossary that takes all that into account. Use it well.

Living Memory Yizkor boxes: Copper artist Shahna Lax creates beautiful memorial candle settings and boxes. She writes about how small items can evoke vivid memories of a loved one, and can fit into a compact space.

Dying: A Memoir, by Cory Taylor. A Bracing Illumination of Terminal Illness. A New York Times review by Jennifer Senior, published July 26, 2017

The Art of Losing: Poems of Grief and Healing and Book Of Hours: by Kevin Young. Art is a compendium of the poetry of loss, edited by Young. ‘Hours’ is a collection of Young’s poetry written at the time of his father’s unanticipated death and the birth of his first child.

The Year of Magical Thinking: by Joan Didion. A chronicle of the year following the death of her husband, which propelled Didion into a state she calls ‘magical thinking.

The Wild Edge of Sorrow: Rituals of Renewal and the Sacred Work of Grief: by Francis Weller. Uncommon compassion and clear-eyed discernment are joined in this comprehensive manual for conscious grieving and opening to the unprecedented joy and passion that result from embracing our sorrow.

When Breath Becomes Air: by Paul Kalanithi. One day he is a doctor healing the dying; the next a patient struggling to live. This deeply moving personal account by Kalanithi, finds hope and beauty in the face of insurmountable odds.

Mortality: by Christopher Hitchens. Funny, smart, irreverent, and surprisingly moving, this lucid, unflinching end-of-life journey through “Tumorville” is brave and powerful stuff…a heartbreaking display.

Cry, Heart, But Never Break: A Remarkable Illustrated Meditation on Loss and Life, Glen Ringtved (author), Charlotte Pardi (illustator) Published in February 2016, this is a great children’s book about making sense of death. Authored by Danish children’s book author Glenn Ringtved, illustrated by Charlotte Pardi, and translated into English by Robert Moulthrop. From Amazon’s description, “Aware their grandmother is gravely ill, four siblings make a pact to keep death from taking her away. But Death does arrive all the same, as it must. He comes gently, naturally. And he comes with enough time to share a story with the children that helps them to realize the value of loss to life and the importance of being able to say goodbye.”

The Japanese Art of Grieving a Miscarriage: by Angela Elson.

The Modern Love Podcast: Sterling K. Brown reads ‘My First Son, a Pure Memory’:  So often, in our society, the loss and grief that accompany a miscarriage or stillbirth go unacknowledged. The essay and podcast, offer one a path toward ritual and healing.

Feeling bereaved and on a tight schedule? Drive-Thru Funerals Are Now a Thing in Japan

As Funeral Crowdfunding Grows, So Do the Risks 

Film, Video, and Podcast

Dying in Your Mother’s Arms: A palliative care doctor on finding a “good death” for children in the worst situations.

CEOLP and End of Life Issues Featured in New HBO Films In mid-August, two films related to end-of-life issues, directed and produced by Perri Peltz and Matthew O’Neill (of HBO’s “Axios”), were released by HBO Documentaries. The Crestone End of Life Project and the late Aliyah Alexander are the subject of the short (13-minute) documentary, Funeral Pyre, an on-demand release for subscribers Alternate Endings (1 hr. 8 min.) can be streamed on demand for subscribers until Sept. 18, 2019 from HBO’s website. It will be aired on television on these dates: Fri. Sep 13 at 12:45 am (Mountain Time) on HBO2; Fri., Sep 27 at 1:22 am MT on HBO LATINO; and Fri., Sep 27 at 1:25 am MT on HBO.

Making a Judgment on Love: When the deathbed and wedding day are one and the same, a judge with a heart makes a call for love.

A beautiful 8-minute video about death doula Alua Arthur, who helps people prepare for death physically, mentally, and spiritually.

Dr Kathryn Mannix, a palliative care consultant and author of With The End in Mind, explains why we should all talk about dying. (a very clear, straightforward, 4-minute video.)

Eckhart Tolle, Death and the Eternal: A beautiful 15-minute video combining extraordinary cinematography with words from the spiritual teacher and author of The Power of Now. A Family Undertaking, a documentary of a family-directed home funeral.

Grief Walker documents the work of Stephen Jenkinson with the dying.

Kristina’s Goodbye; a moving YouTube video, Kristina’s Goodbye shares one woman’s perspectives at the end of life.

Lady Ganga: Nilza’s Story, a documentary of Michele Baldwin’s decision, as she was dying of cervical cancer, to use her death to benefit others, by bringing awareness of cervical cancer and its treatment to remote Indian/Nepali villages.

Open Air, a documentary on the Crestone End of Life Projects open-air cremation site

Speaking of Dying: A film About Compassionate Dying. This film captures the importance of individuals and groups sharing their thoughts on end-of-life wishes and completing the paperwork that will support those wishes in being fulfilled.

What Really Matters at the End of Life, B.J. Miller TED Talk, filmed March 2015 (20 minutes).From the TED Talk excerpt, “BJ Miller is a hospice and palliative medicine physician who thinks deeply about how to create a dignified, graceful end of life for his patients. Take the time to savor this moving talk, which asks big questions about how we think on death and honor life.”

The Tibetan Book Of The Dead (full documentary 2 parts) According to Buddhist scholar and translator Robert Thurman (father of Uma), The Tibetan Book of the Dead, or Bardo Thodol, “organizes the experiences of the between—(Tibetan, bar-do) usually referring to the state between death and rebirth.” While The Book of the Dead has, of course, a long and illustrious history in Tibetan Buddhist life, it also has its place in the history of the West, particularly among 20th century intellectuals and artists. In the 1950s, for example, there was talk among Igor Stravinsky, Martha Graham, and Aldous Huxley to turn the Bardo into a ballet with a Greek chorus. Huxley, who famously spent his final hours on an acid trip, asked that a passage from the book be read to him as he lay dying: “Hey! Noble one, you named Aldous Huxley! Now the time has come for you to seek the way….”

Open Air, a film by Adam Sekuler about a CEOLP cremation.
At the only open-air cremation site in the United States, encircled by mountains, a torch is lit at the altar surrounded by ninety people, a family lights the fire that consumes their loved one’s body, sending billows of smoke into the blue sky of dawn. This twenty-minute video depicts Crestone’s open air cremations. Click to Purchase Open Air

Available from Rodney Volkmar, rvolkmar@gmail.com.

Crestone resident Rodney Volkmar has created a moving series of photographs that portray the cremation ceremonies of two close friends.
Please contact Rodney for more information or authorized permission to use these images.

Slideshow of open-air Cremation in Crestone Colorado 2014 by Rodney Volkmar

The Transition, 2002 passing and open-air cremation of Laverne Howell by Rodney Volkmar